Political Corruption Essays (Examples)

Study Document

Government Politics And Political Corruption Values

Pages: 4 (1102 words) Sources: 5 Document Type:Annotated Bibliography Document #:94706420

corruption weakens the strength of a democracy, undermining public trust, and leading to a downward spiral of apathy and discontent. Low voter participation itself … trust, and leading to a downward spiral of apathy and discontent. Low voter participation itself becomes a major factor perpetuating the possibility of corruption. A feeling of powerlessness pervades even the most robust of the world’s democracies. If democratic governments are to be responsive to the people … of powerlessness pervades even the most robust of the world’s democracies. If democratic governments are to be responsive to the people they serve, corruption needs to be uprooted whenever it manifests. Reforming corruption and reducing the likelihood of corrupt individuals maintaining their positions of power requires a multifaceted approach taking into account variables like ethical culture … reducing the likelihood of corrupt individuals maintaining their positions of power requires a multifaceted approach taking into account variables……

Study Document

Influence Of Political Interests Groups On The Educational Policy

Pages: 6 (1844 words) Sources: 8 Document Type:Essay Document #:31534900

Budget and Resource Allocation Influence of political Interest Groups on the Educational Policy Making Process
State support for public education has wavered over time as a consequence of other … state. There is need for educational theorists, education policy practitioners and various other stakeholders in the education framework to better comprehend the various political forces having an impact on state fiscal policy. This text concerns itself with the influence of political interest groups on the educational policy-making process, with regard to budget and resource allocation. The context of this particular discussion will be Florida … said formations on this front include, but they are not limited to, public campaigns and advocacy. Thus, common examples of interest groups include political interest groups, economic interest groups, labor interest groups, etc. Interest groups could also, more specifically, be categorized on the basis of their focus … colleagues, and interest groups.
It is……



Abbott, I., Rathbone, M. & Whitehead, P. (2012). Education Policy. New York, NY: SAGE.

Anderson, J.E. (2003).Public Policy-Making. Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.

Delaney, J. A., & Doyle, W. R. (2007). The role of higher education in state budgets. Journal of Education Finance, 36(4), 343-268.

Grapevine. (2016). Appropriations: State Tax Funds for Operating Expenses of Higher Education, 1983-1984. Retrieved from:  https://education.illinoisstate.edu/grapevine/tables/ 

Larrabee, B. (2016). Education groups put big money into political causes. Retrieved from  https://www.gainesville.com/news/20160828/education-groups-put-big-money-into-political-cause s

Tandberg, D. A. (2009). Interest groups and governmental institutions: The politics of state funding of public higher education. Educational Policy, 24(5), 104-117.

Vote Smart (2020). Texas Education Special Interest Groups. Retrieved from  https://votesmart.org/interest-groups/TX/27#.XrVCzsBRW00 

Vote Smart (2020). Florida Education Special Interest Groups. Retrieved from  https://votesmart.org/interest-groups/FL/27#.XrVKScBRW01

Study Document

Agency Theory And The Limitations Of Representative Government

Pages: 11 (3159 words) Sources: 5 Document Type:Essay Document #:26643855

The political Nature of the Federal Budget Process
The federal budget process is overseen by US Congressmen, who are fundamentally immersed in the political nature of government. As Elwood (2008) notes, members of Congress are influenced in three ways: 1) by money that is used to finance … of government. As Elwood (2008) notes, members of Congress are influenced in three ways: 1) by money that is used to finance their political campaigns; 2) by obtaining the votes necessary for reelection; and 3) by obtaining expert advice on topics that are of personal importance to … good; on the other hand they have a vested self-interest in ensuring that funds are diverted in ways that will benefit them, their political career and their political cronies. This paper will discuss the political nature of the federal budget process.
Politics and Agency Theory
The political nature of the federal budget process……



Eisenhardt, K. M. (1989). Agency theory: An assessment and review. Academy of management review, 14(1), 57-74.

Elwood, T. W. (2008). Politics of the US Federal Budget Process. International quarterly of community health education, 28(1), 3-12.

Jennings, M. (2008). Business Ethics: Case Studies and Selected Readings. Cengage.

Machold, S., Ahmed, P.K., & Farquhar, S.S. (2007). Corporate Governance and Ethics: A Feminist Perspective. Journal of Business Ethics (2008) 81:665-678.

ProActive Solutions. (2020). Agency theory. Retrieved from http://knowledgegrab.com/learners-zone/study-support/performance-management-review/framework-introduction-to-hrm/agency-theory/

Study Document

COVID 19 In South Africa Nigeria And Swaziland

Pages: 7 (2030 words) Sources: 6 Document Type:literature review Document #:53851517

… of the firm and in what way people are obeying them. This would ultimately build an organizational culture for coping with social and political issues. The informal institutions are socially shared instructions, typically unwritten, that are formed, transferred and imposed outside the official boundaries (Torniainen & Sasstamoinen, … diversity inside the processes. The same research also revealed that there are three major sources of pressure on institutional norms, which are functional, political, and social. Functional pressures are observed when difficulty in performance is sensed with the institutionalization of practice within the organization. political pressures are when the existing political arrangement within the institutional powers change, and the related interest dealings are altered accordingly. The social pressures are when different beliefs and practices … theory, through all echelons of the firm.
With the help of another research, it was deducted that informal institutions can entail criteria like corruption, political ideology,……



Coelho, A. (2019). The role of informal institutions in the enforcement of rules and how to improve corporate and public governance in Brazil: Studies based on a set of corporate governance cases involving state-owned companies (Working Paper). Retrieved from SSRN website  https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3434037 

Dacin, M.T., Goodstein, J. & Scott, W.R. (2002). Institutional theory and institutional change: Introduction to the special research forum. Academy of Management Journal, 45(1), 45- 47. DOI: 10.2307/3069284

Escandon-Barbosa, D.M., Urbano, D., Hurtado-Ayala, A., Paramo, J.S. & Dominguez, A.Z. (2019). Formal institutions, informal institutions, and entrepreneurial activity: A comparative relationship between rural and urban areas in Colombia. Journal of Urban Management, 8(3), 458-471.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jum.2019.06.002 

Estrin, S. & Prevezer, M. (2010). The role of informal institutions in corporate governance: Brazil, Russia, India, and China compared. Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 28, 41- 67.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10490-010-9229-1 

Kaufmann, W., Hooghiemstra, R. & Feeney, M.K. (2018). Formal institutions, informal institutions, and red tape: A comparative study. Public Administration, 96(2), 386-403. https://doi.org/10.1111/padm.12397

Meluch, A.L. (2016, August). Understanding the organizational and institutional origins of social support in a cancer support center. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from https://etd.ohiolink.edu/!etd.send_file?accession=kent1466944822&disposition=inline

Torniainen, T.J. & Sasstamoinen, O.J. (2007). Formal and informal institutions and their hierarchy in the regulation of the forest lease in Russia. Forestry: An International Journal of Forest Research, 80(5), 489-501.  https://doi.org/10.1093/forestry/cpm033 

Study Document

Code Of Ethics For Managers In Acquisition

Pages: 11 (3162 words) Sources: 5 Document Type:Research Paper Document #:25977313

corruption takes many forms, and can have a devastating impact on economies, and on the effectiveness of government. For that reason, it is best … decline in confidence in the institution of government, and underperformance because the wrong vendors were selected. Larezos (2008) notes that when evidence of corruption arises, governments may need to recompete contracts, projects can be delayed or go way over budget, and there can be increased cost to … budget, and there can be increased cost to taxpayers as well. If chronic weak governance leaves a populace disenchanted with government, then the political fallout can be severe as well. In essence, corruption represents the trade-off between the personal gain for the government officials in question versus the overall government or economy.
Combatting corruption is a complex task, but one of the elements of this task is to develop an effective code of ethics to govern……



Adelstein, J. & Clegg, S. (2016) Code of ethics: A stratified vehicle for compliance. Journal of Business Ethics. Vol. 138 (1) 53-66.

Lazeros, M. (2008) Leaders can learn from Druyun’s ethical lapses and their consequences. USAWC Research Project. Retrieved October 25, 2019 from  https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a479019.pdf 

McConnnell, A. & Rood, T. (1997) Ethics in government: A survey of misuse of position for personal gain and its implications for developing acquisition strategy. Journal of Business Ethics. Vol. 16 (1997) 1107-1116.

McConnell, T. (2018). Moral dilemmas. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy Retrieved October 25, 2019 from  https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/moral-dilemmas/ 

Neu, D., Everett, J. & Rahaman, A. (2015) Preventing corruption within government procurement: Constructing the disciplined and ethical subject. Critical Perspectives on Accounting. Vol. 28 (2015) 49-61.

Study Document

Compare Between Monarchy And Democracy

Pages: 4 (1301 words) Sources: 4 Document Type:Essay Document #:80066348

… a long-term vision, whereas in democratic countries the vision is more short-term and reactive rather than proactive simply because the nature of the political system does not allow for long-term visions to be implemented slowly as that vision could change from one administration to the next. Monarchies … next. Monarchies are more stable in this respect.
With more stability there is also the opportunity to engage in reform and root out corruption. However, if the monarch himself is corrupt or appoints corrupt officials throughout his court, corruption can undermine the advantages of the system. This can lead to civil unrest, especially if the governed feel that the monarch looks more … elections. The election is held generally every four or six years, depending on the system that the democratic country has set up. The political leader must run for election and be voted into office. If the leader cannot……



Brookings Institute. (2013). Kings for all seasons. Retrieved from  https://www.brookings.edu/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/Resilience-Arab-Monarchies_English.pdf 

Katz, N. (2019). How super pacs shape u.s. Elections with advertisements that portraym candidates in ways publicly identified campaign ads often avoid. Retrieved from  https://scholars.org/contribution/how-super-pacs-shape-us-elections-advertisements-portray-candidates-ways-publicly 

Lumen. (2020). Forms of government. Retrieved from  https://courses.lumenlearning.com/atd-herkimer-introsociology/chapter/reading-forms-of-government/ 

Soskis, B. (2017). George Soros and the Demonization of Philanthropy. Retrieved from  https://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2017/12/soros-philanthropy/547247/ 

Study Document

McDonalds International Expansion

Pages: 5 (1385 words) Sources: 6 Document Type:Essay Document #:12220481

… can figure out the right formula to counterbalance the competition from local restaurants and attract island consumers.
Environmental Analysis
There are no major political barriers to operating in St. Lucia, especially if the restaurant is owned by a local franchisee. The island ranks in the middle of … island ranks in the middle of the “ease of doing business” rankings (St. Lucia Times, 2019) and has slipped of late in the corruption Perceptions Index, meaning that the political environment has deteriorated of late (Trading Economics, 2019). Corporate taxes are a flat rate 30%, so that is fairly simple (Deloitte, 2020). Otherwise, … 2019). Corporate taxes are a flat rate 30%, so that is fairly simple (Deloitte, 2020). Otherwise, however, St. Lucia has a relatively stable political environment.
There is nothing particularly onerous about the regulatory environment in St. Lucia. The country has a legal system that is based on……



CIA World Factbook (2020) St. Lucia. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved May 29, 2020 from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/st.html

Deloitte (2020) International tax St. Lucia highlights 2020. Deloitte. Retrieved May 29, 2020 from https://www2.deloitte.com/content/dam/Deloitte/global/Documents/Tax/dttl-tax-stluciahighlights-2020.pdf

Duncan, N. (2019) The QSR 50. Quick Service Restaurants. Retrieved May 29, 2020 from  https://www.qsrmagazine.com/reports/qsr-50-11 

Patrick (2020) McDonald’s failure in Barbados hides in plain sight. Uncommon Caribbean. Retrieved May 29, 2020 from  https://www.uncommoncaribbean.com/barbados/mcdonalds-failure-in-barbados-hides-in-plain-sight/ 

St. Lucia Times (2019) Saint Lucia slips in ease of doing business rankings. St. Lucia Times. Retrieved May 29, 2020 from  https://stluciatimes.com/saint-lucia-slips-in-ease-of-doing-business-rankings/ 

Trading Economics (2019) St. Lucia corruption perceptions index. Trading Economics. Retrieved May 29, 2020 from https://tradingeconomics.com/st-lucia/corruption-index

Study Document

Counterintelligence Issues Within The United States

Pages: 18 (5457 words) Sources: 29 Document Type:Research Paper Document #:72238996

… and actors.
The Problematic Nature of Deception
Deception is at the core of counterintelligence: yet, it is a problematic core because of the corruption associated with deception in ethical systems. Mattox (2002), for example, observed that the practice of deception “is subject to limitations imposed by the … of counterintelligence from the standpoint of ethical egoism, which is highly problematic both from a rational and ethical standpoint but also from a political standpoint (Lyons 1976). Part of the reason for Cohen’s (2016) problematic position is cultural: Cohen (2016) comes from a Jewish traditional of revolutionary … a zero sum game strategy (Kent 2019). Mattox (2002) at least approaches the issue of moral limits to deception from a practical, universal, political and diplomatic position that has utilitarian, deontological and even virtue ethics elements to it. The opposite position of Cohen (2016) can only be … no easy solution and that……



2020-2022 National Counterintelligence Strategy of the United States. 2020. Washington, DC: National Counterintelligence and Security Center

Bailey, Christopher and Susan M. Galich. 2012. “Codes of Ethics: The Intelligence Community.” International Journal of Intelligence Ethics 35 (2): 77-99.

Bernardi, Beatrice. 2013. "The Role of Intelligence in the Fight Against International Terrorism: Legal Profiles." Bachelor's thesis, Università Ca'Foscari Venezia.

Carson, Thomas L. 2010. Lying and Deception: Theory and Practice. Oxford University Press.

Cohen, Shlomo. 2016. "Are There Moral Limits to Military Deception?." Philosophia 44 (4): 1305-1318.

Coyne, John, Peter Bell, and Shannon Merrington. 2013. "Exploring ethics in intelligence and the role of leadership." Interntional Journal of Business and Commerce 2 (10): 27-37.

Erskine, Toni. 2004. "'As Rays of Light to the Human Soul'? Moral Agents and Intelligence Gathering." Intelligence & National Security 19 (2): 359-381.

Godson, Roy, and James J. Wirtz. 2000. "Strategic denial and deception." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 13 (4): 424-437.

Study Document

Ethical Issues Conflicts Of Interest

Pages: 4 (1232 words) Sources: 10 Document Type:Essay Document #:89213693

… of interest is a manifestation of structural failures of any society. The practice touches on a wide range of societal elements, including legal, political, and administrative aspects. Once public officers engage in acts of conflict of interest, they lose public trust (Pathranarakul, 2005).
Prosecutors often find themselves … of societal distrust towards its institutions is anchored on a range of actions that promote the perception of injustice. Poor performance by the political class and the institutions that they run is what bred the reinforcement of the emergent counter-majority organizations, especially about the judiciary system. According … feel motivated and come with community support. It should not be treated as a panacea (Lilles, 2002).
Conflict of interest is, ideally, corruption. It is about using one's position to gain an advantage. It is a violation of the law and ethical policies. It should be ……



Alterio, E. (2011). From judicial comity to legal comity: A judicial solution to global disorder?I-CON, 9(2), 394-424. doi: 10.1093/icon/mor036

BrainMass. (2019). Correctional officer subculture: Ethics. Retrieved from  https://brainmass.com/law/familylaw/correctional-officer-subculture-ethics-165895 

Filgueiras, F. (2011).Transparência e controle da corrupção no Brasil. In: Corrupção e sistemapolítico no Brasil, edited by Leonardo Avritzer and Fernando Filgueiras. Rio de Janeiro: CivilizaçãoBrasileira.

Kindregan, C. (1975).Conflict of interest and the lawyer in civil practice. Retrieved from  https://scholar.valpo.edu/vulr/vol10/iss3/2 

Legal Dictionary. (2018). Conflict of interest. Retrieved from  https://legaldictionary.net/conflict-of-interest/ 

Lilles, H. (2002). Circle sentencing: Part of the restorative justice continuum. IIRP. Retrieved from  https://www.iirp.edu/news/circle-sentencing-part-of-the-restorative-justice-continuum 

Montes, A., Mears, D., &Conchran, J. (2016). The privatization debate: A conceptual framework for improving (public and private) corrections. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice. 32(4). Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/305418634_The_Privatization_Debate_A_Conceptual_Framework_for_Improving_Public_and_Private_Corrections

Off, C. (1999). How can we trust our fellow citizens? In: Democracy and trust, edited by Mark Warren. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Study Document

Angleton S Counterintelligence Program And What Went Wrong

Pages: 9 (2657 words) Sources: 8 Document Type:Essay Document #:36485484

… from his position as head of counterintelligence at the CIA, Colby inherited a Staff that was by that time a full-grown adult. Facing political, social, and economic pressures, the CIA was compelled to reorganize, and as the Church Committee reported, it was “an end of an era ……


Reference List

Bailey, Christopher and Susan M. Galich. “Codes of Ethics: The Intelligence Community.” International Journal of Intelligence Ethics 35.2 (2012), 77-99.

Bartos, C. and P. Wehr. 2002. Using conflict theory. UK: University of Cambridge.

Bellaby, Ross. "What's the Harm? The Ethics of Intelligence Collection." Intelligence and National Security 27, no. 1 (2012): 93-117.

Church Committee. “Final report of the Select committee to study governmental operations With respect to Intelligence activities United states senate Together with Additional, supplemental, and separate Views.” Intelligence.senate.gov, 1976. https://www.intelligence.senate.gov/sites/default/files/94755_I.pdf

Coyne, John, Peter Bell, and Shannon Merrington. "Exploring ethics in intelligence and the role of leadership." Interntional Journal of Business and Commerce 2, no. 10 (2013): 27-37.

Erskine, Toni. "'As Rays of Light to the Human Soul'? Moral Agents and Intelligence Gathering." Intelligence & National Security 19, no. 2 (2004): 359-381.

Nakashima, Ellen. “Top counterintelligence official challenges the private sector to step up defenses against foreign spying.” Washington Post, 2020.  https://www.washingtonpost.com/national-security/top-counterintelligence-official-challenges-the-private-sector-to-step-up-defenses-against-foreign-spying/2020/02/10/d842d83c-4c15-11ea-9b5c-eac5b16dafaa_story.html 

Pfaff, T., & Tiel, J. R. (2004). The ethics of espionage. Journal of Military Ethics, 3(1), 1-15.

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