… one will never again have his freedom a worse punishment than death? Obviously these are all subjective questions and people will have different view on the matter, so it is important to define one’s own approach to the question. If one is talking about preferences and whether … one’s days in prison, one might go either way. But if one is talking about the issue of capital punishment from an ethical point of view, it is an approach can lead to a more objective response. One can look at the matter from the various ethical point: deontology, utilitarianism and virtue ethics. One can also look at the ethical characteristics of the criminal justice system in Canada as it is … of the criminal justice system in Canada as it is today and compare it to the ethical ideals behind the big three ethical point of view. This paper will……
Capote, Truman. In Cold Blood. NY: Vintage, 1994.
Holmes, A. Ethics: Approaching moral decisions. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2007.
Hursthouse, Rosalind. “Virtue Ethics.” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 2016. https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/ethics-virtue/
Kronenwetter, M. Capital Punishment: A Reference Handbook. CA: ABC-CLIO, 2001.
Robbins, Tim, dir. Dead Man Walking. Gramercy Pictures, 1995. Film.
… well as the relevant knowledge pool. It offers salient details on public health initiatives and measures, care patterns, and healthcare implementation from the point of view a few of the sector’s key stakeholders, namely, practitioners, patients, and informal caregivers. Hence, this research work aids mutual understanding and offers … (Brook & Vaiana, 2015). Instead, the main issue is how to reform the healthcare system and attain ideal results in accordance with stakeholder view.
The study involves a logical, orderly, and methodical set of procedures, raising readers’ level of thought, and reinforcing ideas through a critique and … level of thought, and reinforcing ideas through a critique and reflection of techniques already employed in the field of healthcare, by presenting the view of healthcare consumers (i.e., patients) and their informal caregivers that, despite their significance, are typically neglected. The study furthers knowledge on the subject, … knowledge, through asserting……
Brook, R. H., & Vaiana, M. E. (2015). Using the knowledge base of health services research to redefine health care systems. Journal of general internal medicine, 30(10), 1547-1556.
Cutcliffe, J. R., & McKenna, H. P. (1999). Establishing the credibility of qualitative research findings: the plot thickens. Journal of advanced nursing, 30(2), 374-380.
Doekhie, K. D., Strating, M. M., Buljac?Samardzic, M., van de Bovenkamp, H. M., & Paauwe, J. (2018). The different perspectives of patients, informal caregivers, and professionals on patient involvement in primary care teams. A qualitative study. Health Expectations, 21(6), 1171-1182.
Eccles, M., Grimshaw, J., Walker, A., Johnston, M., & Pitts, N. (2005). Changing the behavior of healthcare professionals: the use of theory in promoting the uptake of research findings. Journal of clinical epidemiology, 58(2), 107-112.
Leedy, P.D. & Ormrod, J. E. (2019). Practical research: Planning and design, 12th edition. Pearson Education, Hudson Street, NY.
Sanjari, M., Bahramnezhad, F., Fomani, F. K., Shoghi, M., & Cheraghi, M. A. (2014). Ethical challenges of researchers in qualitative studies: The necessity to develop a specific guideline. Journal of medical ethics and history of medicine, 7.
Swan, J., Clarke, A., Nicolini, D., Powell, J., Scarbrough, H., Roginski, C., ... & Taylor-Phillips, S. (2012). Evidence in Management Decisions (EMD): advancing knowledge utilization in healthcare management.
Thomas, D. R. (2017). Feedback from research participants: are member checks useful in qualitative research?. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 14(1), 23-41.
… was his approach to the topic: he avoided the trap of political polarization that other professors fell victim to. Instead he chose to view the Cold War the way a contrarian investor view the equities market: he sought out value where others saw waste. To Gaddis, the Cold War could best be understood as “The Long … war among nations.[footnoteRef:4] [3: Mark Alden Branch, “Days of Duck and Cover,” Yale Alumni Magazine, 2000. http://archives.yalealumnimagazine.com/issues/00_03/gaddis.html] [4: Anders Stephanson, \"Rethinking Cold War History.\" view of International Studies 24, no. 1 (1998), 119.]
Gaddis adopted a diplomatic approach to diplomatic history and was drawn to it primarily because these ……
Alpha History, “Cold War Historiography.” https://alphahistory.com/coldwar/cold-war-historiography/
Branch, Mark Alden. “Days of Duck and Cover,” Yale Alumni Magazine, 2000. http://archives.yalealumnimagazine.com/issues/00_03/gaddis.html
Encyclopedia. “John Lewis Gaddis,” 2020. https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/educational-magazines/gaddis-john-lewis-1941
Gaddis, John Lewis. We Now Know: Rethinking Cold War History. Oxford University Press, 1997.
Kaplan, Fred. “America’s Cold War Sage and His Discontents,” NYTimes, 2007. https://www.nytimes.com/2011/11/23/books/george-f-kennan-by-john-lewis-gaddis-review.html
Lundestad, Geir. "The Cold War According to John Gaddis." Cold War History 6, no. 4 (2006): 535-542.
National Endowment for the Humanities. “John Lewis Gaddis,” 2005. https://www.neh.gov/about/awards/national-humanities-medals/john-lewis-gaddis
Paxton, Robert. Anatomy of Fascism. New York: Vintage, 2012.
… ethical frameworks and values.
Problems with Physician Assisted Suicide
First and foremost, the act is considered immoral according to various traditionalist view since it involves killing an innocent person (Arras). It violates the moral principle as it takes away the life of an innocent person … chances of survival are less and to relieve them of the suffering, doctors sometimes withhold or withdraw treatments to save the patients from point financial and physiological burden (Battin). So even at times, allowing them to die is not considered that immoral than helping them to die … immoral than helping them to die as it involves the deliberate fastening of the process of death considered wrong and immoral in majority point. So even if it is physician assisted, which means that the lethal dose is not directly administered by the physician, it is immoral ……
Ackerman, F. N. (n.d.). \\\\\\'For Now Have I My Death\\\\\\': The \\\\\\'Duty To Die\\\\\\' VS The Duty To Help The I\\\\\\'ll Stay Alive . Physician Assisted Death , pp. 493-501.
Arras, J. D. (n.d.). Physician Assisted Suicide: A Tragic View. Physician Assisted Death, pp. 455-461.
Battin, M. P. (n.d.). Euthanasia: The Way We Do It and The Way They Do It: End-Of-Life Practices In The Developed World. Physician Assisted Suicide, pp. 467-481.
Brock, D. W. (n.d.). Voluntary Active Euthanasia . Physician assisted Death.
Hardwig, J. (n.d.). Is There a Duty To Die? Physician Assisted Death, pp. 483-493.
… professionals. International Journal of Caring Sciences, 8(1), 108.
1. Describe how the researcher addresses the following four areas in the selected journal article (Introduction, Literature view, Methodology and Data Analysis:
The purpose of the study is to support the World Health Organization hand hygiene campaign against healthcare associated infections … hand hygiene amid healthcare professionals within the hospital. In particular, the study seeks to ascertain perceptions on HAIs and hand hygiene. The literature view conducted by the researcher was not quite extensive. Nonetheless, the previous research studies included by the author demonstrate that the execution of the … infections and the key role that hand hygiene plays. To begin with, the study demonstrated that respondents have a substantially high discernment and point of view health care associated infections have a significant impact in patient outcome. Secondly, the outcomes of the study did not just substantiate with … such as group……
Joshi, S. C., Diwan, V., Tamhankar, A. J., Joshi, R., Shah, H., Sharma, M., ... & Lundborg, C. S. (2012). Qualitative study on perceptions of hand hygiene among hospital staff in a rural teaching hospital in India. Journal of Hospital Infection, 80(4), 340-344.
Tan Jr, A. K., & Jeffrey Olivo, B. S. (2015). Assessing healthcare associated infections and hand hygiene perceptions amongst healthcare professionals. International Journal of Caring Sciences, 8(1), 108.
… a culturally sensitive and proficient counselor in a multicultural setting is: self-examination, which encompasses understanding of one's cultural identity, characteristics, prejudices, principles, and view (Pamela, 2008). In the society that I am a part of, my African-American cultural/racial community is regarded as a minority community. With regard … great power, prestige, and opportunity, when compared to others). The above realization further helps me keep in mind others' disadvantaged and needy situation. A point to note here is that, our community boasts the most diverse and richest background among all ethnic groups in the nation (as well ……
Allport, G. (1954). The nature of prejudice. Cambridge, MA: Addison-Wesley.
Babbitt, N. (2013). Identities: Markers of power and privilege. Retrieved from https://justdessertsblog.wordpress.com/2013/09/15/identities-markers-of-power-and-privilege/
Baldwin, J. A. (1984). African self-consciousness and the mental health of African-Americans. Journal of Black Studies, 15, 177-194.
Clark, K. B. (1965). Dark ghetto. New York: Harper & Row.
Cross, W. E. (1991). Shades of black: Diversity in African-American identity. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
Horowitz, R. (1939). Racial aspects of self-identification in nursery school children. Journal of Psychology, 7, 91-99.
Kambon, K. (I 992). The African personality in America: An Aitricancentered framework. Tallahassee, FL: Nubian Nation Publications
Kardiner, A., & Ovesey, L. (1951). The mark of oppression. New York: Norton.
...Point view Education, especially bilingual education and its evolution in the United States, has paved its way in every state with differences in approaches and choices of language being taught. A part of US schooling history is its rich history and practice of native language teaching and bilingual education. Ovando (2003), in his study, found that it was about two hundred years ago that American communities first started assembling large numbers of young children to educate them. Instruction typically took place in languages besides English, and in two or more languages (e.g., Dutch and German in Pennsylvania, German and Spanish in Texas, and the French language in Louisiana). The toleration and use of several languages for education and interaction suggest a wide linguistic pluralism ideology in this era (Ovando, 2003). Keeping in mind the variations and interactions of the different languages, one sees a rich and vibrant culture of bilingual education that……
Banks, J. A. (1995). Multicultural Education: Its Effects on Students\\\\\\\\\\\\' Racial and Gender Role Attitudes. Handbook of Research on Multicultural Education (pp. 617-627). New York: Macmillan.
Gándara, P., & Escamilla, K. (2017). Bilingual education in the United States. Bilingual and multilingual education, 1-14.
Ovando, C. J. (2003). Bilingual education in the United States: Historical development and current issues. Bilingual research journal, 27(1), 1-24.
Saravia-Shore, M., & Arvizu, S. F. (2017). Cross-cultural literacy: An anthropological approach to dealing with diversity. In Cross-cultural Literacy (pp. xv-xxxviii). Routledge.
Wei, L. (2013). Integration of Multicultural Education into English Teaching and Learning: A Case Study in Liaoning Police Academy. Theory & Practice in Language Studies, 3(4).
Morality of Counterintelligence Ethical Implications and the Need for a Theoretical Framework
CI Literature view
Deception is at the core of counterintelligence: yet, it is a problematic core because of the corruption associated with deception in ethical systems. … shows it is dangerous to think of counterintelligence as a security exercise because it is literally nothing of the sort: writing from the point of private industry, Nolan (1997) states explicitly that “while security seeks to protect a firm's assets by a combination of policies, procedures and … counterintelligence, properly understood, aims to engage and neutralize a competitor's collection efforts through a variety of imaginative, flexible, and active measures” (53). The point of concern, here, is not only the degree to which those “imaginative, flexible, and active measures” lead to the problems both for the … ethical standard that can guide and foster an ethical culture, as called for by Bellaby……
2020-2022 National Counterintelligence Strategy of the United States. 2020. Washington, DC: National Counterintelligence and Security Center
Bailey, Christopher and Susan M. Galich. 2012. “Codes of Ethics: The Intelligence Community.” International Journal of Intelligence Ethics 35 (2): 77-99.
Bernardi, Beatrice. 2013. \\\\\\"The Role of Intelligence in the Fight Against International Terrorism: Legal Profiles.\\\\\\" Bachelor\\\\\\'s thesis, Università Ca\\\\\\'Foscari Venezia.
Carson, Thomas L. 2010. Lying and Deception: Theory and Practice. Oxford University Press.
Erskine, Toni. 2004. \\\\\\"\\\\\\'As Rays of Light to the Human Soul\\\\\\'? Moral Agents and Intelligence Gathering.\\\\\\" Intelligence & National Security 19 (2): 359-381.
Godson, Roy, and James J. Wirtz. 2000. \\\\\\"Strategic denial and deception.\\\\\\" International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 13 (4): 424-437.
Horkheimer, Max. 1972. Critical Theory. New York: Seabury Press.
Intelligence and National Security Alliance. 2020. Counterintelligence for the 21st Century. Arlington, VA.
… the extent to which the employees’ primary motivators have an impact on their pay, prospects, status as well as their approach. This paper view the case study on Johnson & Johnson Company, and motivation within the company as a workplace setting.
Motivators in the Workplace
Motivation plays … how it relates to the workplace setting.
Herzberg’s Two-Factor Theory of Workplace Motivation
Fredrick Herzberg analyzed the concept of motivation from a distinctive point of view. By making inquisitions to persons specifically regarding what gives them satisfaction on the job, and what results in dissatisfaction, he ascertained that the … (Vroom, 1964; Scholl, 2002).
Vroom asserted that effort, motivation, and performance are linked to a person’s motivation (Heneman, and Schwab, 1972). Particularly, Vroom point out that individuals will choose behaviors they believe will bring about the attainment of specific results they value. The combination of these three … or her work……
Asim, M., 2013. Impact of Motivation on Employee Performance with effect of training: Specific to Education Sector of Pakistan. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 3(9), 1-9.
Heneman, H. G., & Schwab, D. P., 1972. Evaluation of research on expectancy theory predictions of employee performance. Psychological Bulletin, 78(1), 1.
Herzberg, F., 1987. One More Time: How Do You Motivate Employees? Harvard Business Review, 65, 5.
Herzberg, F., Mausner, B. & Snyderman, B. 1959. The motivation to work. New York. John Wiley.
Hilgert, R. L., Leonard, E. C., 2001. Supervision: Concepts and practices of management. New York: South-Western College Publication.
Johnson & Johnson., 2020. Wellness 360: 9 Innovative Johnson & Johnson Employee Benefits for Mind, Body, and Budget. Retrieved 25 February 2020 from https://www.jnj.com/health-and-wellness/innovative-employee-benefits-and-wellness-programs-from-johnson-johnson
Johnson & Johnson., 2020. Careers: Healthiest Finances. Retrieved 25 February 2020 from https://www.careers.jnj.com/employee-benefits/financial-benefits .
Johnson & Johnson. , 2018. 2018 Health for Humanity Report: Creating Unique Career Opportunities. Retrieved 25 February 2020 from https://healthforhumanityreport.jnj.com/our-people/creating-unique-career-opportunities
… the same sort of misgivings as he wanders the same city in the midst of an existential crisis: in fact, as Bell (2016) point out there is a veritable geneaology of type that stretches from Twain’s Tom and Huck on down to Holden and Esther. But Holden … both characters seek to achieve something special and both wind up in a mental health facility. But though Holden Caulfield has been commonly view as a hero of sorts for the anti-establishment, Plath’s Esther may be view as a weak creature who never quite finds her own footing. Is this because she is a woman and thus any weakness in ……
Alberga-Parisi, A., & Pope, B. (2018). Loss and the Perfection Crucible in The Bell Jar and The Catcher in the Rye. When Loss Gets Personal: Discussing Death through Literature in the Secondary ELA Classroom, 141.
Bell, E. (2016). Adolescence and Liminality in Carson McCullers’ Short Fiction. In Childhood through the Looking Glass (pp. 89-98). Brill.
Codina, N., & Pestana, J. V. (2019). Time Matters Differently in Leisure Experience for Men and Women: Leisure Dedication and Time Perspective. International journal of environmental research and public health, 16(14), 2513.
Effthimiou, O., & Franco, Z. (2017). Heroic intelligence: The hero\\\\\\'s journey as an evolutionary and existential blueprint. Journal of Genius and Eminence, 2(2).
Plath, S. (1996). The bell jar. New York, NY: HarperCollins.
Short, E. C., ed. (1991). Forms of curriculum inquiry. New York, NY: SUNY Press.
Tyson, L. (2006). Critical theory today: A user-friendly guide. New York, NY: Routledge.
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