Arabic Language and Culture Course: middle east Culture
This grant proposal seeks funds to support the development of the Arabic Language and Culture Course. This course will provide opportunities … students to further enhance their Arabic language skills outside the class setting. The target audience is Intermediate Arabic learners who have completed at east two Arabic courses. The primary goals of this proposed course include: preparing students to communicate effectively in Arabic.
This theme … 80% within the Target language. (Social Distancing and mask-wearing will be practiced.)
The target audience is Arabic learners who have completed at east two Arabic courses. The majority of Arabic learners (ALs) are planning to visit the middle east so that they can experience the Arab culture first hand. This course will introduce students to Arabic culture because they will visit Hookah … students to Arabic culture because they will……
Center for Arabic Study Abroad (Casa). (2012). USED Grant Proposal, 2008-2012. Cairo, Egypt, The University Of Texas, Austin. Retrieved from http://www2.ed.gov/programs/iegpsgpa/texas.doc
Center for Cross-Cultural Learning. (2008). Arabic Course Description and Syllabus. Boston University Morocco Program. Department of Moroccan Languages and Culture CCCL. Retrieved from http://www.bu.edu/abroad/files/2009/12/syllabus-rabat-language-and-liberal-arts-rabat-arabic.pdf
General English Activities Worksheets Games. https://www.teach-this.com/general-activities-worksheet s
Learn Modern Standard Arabic (MSA) Online with Arab Academy. https://www.arabacademy.com/msa/
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Utah State University [email protected] Retrieved from https://digitalcommons.usu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1820&context=gradreports
… mortality rates, especially in the developed countries like the United States (Abboud et al., 2017). However, this has not been the case for middle east women. The screening rates for these women remain low even for those who are located in developed countries, which puts them at a … of advanced cervical cancer and poor health outcomes. Considering that cervical cancer is almost entirely preventable or curable if it is detected early middle east women must begin undergoing PAP smears (Vahabi & Lofters, 2016; Ziaei, Farahmand Rad, Rezaei Aval, & Roshandel, 2017). This is the only way … the health of these women is promoted and they too can have better health outcomes. This paper will cover the issues faced by middle east women in their attempt to access treatment and the reason why they do not undergo PAP smear tests. This will offer vital information … of undergoing……
Abboud, S., De Penning, E., Brawner, B. M., Menon, U., Glanz, K., & Sommers, M. S. (2017). Cervical cancer screening among Arab women in the United States: an integrative review. Paper presented at the Oncology nursing forum.
AL-Hammadi, F. A., Al-Tahri, F., Al-Ali, A., Nair, S. C., & Abdulrahman, M. (2017). Limited understanding of pap smear testing among women, a barrier to cervical cancer screening in the United Arab Emirates. Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP, 18(12), 3379.
Ali, S., Skirton, H., Clark, M. T., & Donaldson, C. (2017). Integrative review of cervical cancer screening in Western Asian and Middle Eastern Arab countries. Nursing & health sciences, 19(4), 414-426.
Endeshaw, M., Clarke, T., Senkomago, V., & Saraiya, M. (2018). Cervical cancer screening among women by birthplace and percent of lifetime living in the United States. Journal of lower genital tract disease, 22(4), 280-287.
National Council of State Boards of Nursing. (2019). NCLEX-RN examination blueprint. Retrieved from https://www.ncsbn.org/nclex.htm
Payton, M., Parente, M., Al-Hawarri, M., Manasseh, M., Scott, M., & Altshuler, M. (2016). Barriers and Facilitators To Cervical Cancer Screening Among Iraqi Refugees Resettled in Philadelphia: A Qualitative Analysis of Patient and Provider Perceptions.
Vahabi, M., & Lofters, A. (2016). Muslim immigrant women’s views on cervical cancer screening and HPV self-sampling in Ontario, Canada. BMC public health, 16(1), 868.
Ziaei, T., Farahmand Rad, H., Rezaei Aval, M., & Roshandel, G. (2017). The relationship between Sexual self-concept and sexual function in women of reproductive age referred to health centers in Gorgan, North East of Iran. Journal of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, 5(3), 969-977.
The Ottoman Empire was served by a strong military and centralized political structure, but with territory that stretched into both the east and the West, the Ottoman Empire was also greatly served by its geography and the diversity of this realm. At the heart of … closed out the Crusades and, for the Christian West, ended in defeat. Mehmed took Constantinople the following year and agreed to allow the east Orthodox to continue to practice its religion in exchange for the city’s recognition of Ottoman authority. From that point on, the Ottomans pushed … in exchange for the city’s recognition of Ottoman authority. From that point on, the Ottomans pushed westward into Europe and northern Africa, and east.
The Black Sea to the north, the Red Sea to the south, the Mediterranean to the west and the Caspian and Persian Gulf … Sea to the north, the……
Anderson, Scott. 2014. Lawrence in Arabia: War, Deceit, Imperial Folly and the Making of the Modern Middle East. Atlantic Books.
Faroqhi, Suraiya. 1994. Pilgrims and Sultans: The Hajj under the Ottomans 1517–1683. London: I. B. Tauris.
Faroqhi, Suraiya. 2004. The Ottoman Empire and the World Around It. London: IB Tauris.
Khaled Fahmy. 2009. Mehmed Ali: From Ottoman Governor to Ruler of Egypt (Oxford:Oneworld Publications.
Murphy, David. 2008. The Arab Revolt 1916–18 Lawrence sets Arabia Ablaze. Osprey: London.
Wilson, Mary C. 'The Hashemites, the Arab Revolt, and Arab Nationalism' in The Origins of Arab Nationalism (1991), ed. Rashid Khalidi, pp. 204–24. Columbia University Press.
middle east Literature: Portrayal of women in the Arabian Nights
Women play a significant role in the Arabian Nights. Many of the stories and … because they caused him anguish (Haddawy 9). Shahrayar then states that if he were in his brother's condition, he would have killed at east 1000 women. Shahrayar then further presses the King to tell him what happened. The King tells him what he saw in the garden ……
Blythe, Andrea. Beyond Shahrazad: Feminist Portrayals of Women in the One Thousand and One Nights. Zoetic Press, 2019.
Haddawy, Husain, and Muhsin Mahdi, eds. Arabian Nights. English.; Alf Laylah Wa-laylah. WW Norton & Company, 1995.
Nicholas, Caleb, \\\\\\\\\\\\"Living Subversive Narratives: Shahrazad\\\\\\\\\\\\'s Stories of Women.\\\\\\\\\\\\" Honors Projects, Bowling Green State University, (2016). 269.
Shamma, Tarek. \\\\\\\\\\\\"Women and Slaves: Gender Politics in the Arabian Nights.\\\\\\\\\\\\" Marvels & Tales 31.2 (2017): 239-260.
Zafar, Attiya. Arabian Nights: Seaming the Embroidery of Feminism in the \\\\\\\\\\\\"Couch.\\\\\\\\\\\\" University of Management and Technology, 2019.
… and facilitator of the extensive reach of Iran in the region. He, indeed, engineered relationships with a large network of groups in the middle east and elsewhere (Parker & Noack, 2020). Although the focus on the killing of General Soleiman is justified, it is the significance of the … was clearly a state agent of Iran. General Soleiman was Iran's most important envoy overseas and was Tehran's political quick fixer in the middle east. For the first time in history, the U.S. branded a unit of another state, a terrorist group: the Revolutionary Guards and Quds Force … aberrational target in conventional warfare as defined by Colonel James Terry. He was a General that was involved in military operations in the middle east by militias and a trusted agent of the Iranian state in its military actions across the region. Therefore, the strike was not state-sponsored … President was……
Jahanbani, N. (2020). Beyond Soleimani: Implications for Iran\\\\\\\\\\\\'s Proxy Network in Iraq and Syria. CTC Perspectives.
Vladeck, S. I. (2004). Emergency Power and the Militia Acts. Yale LJ, 114, 149.
Brands, H. (2019). Why America Can\\\\\\\\\\\\" t Quit the Middle East. Hoover Institution, 21.
Tillman, S. P. (1982). The United States in the Middle East: Interests and Obstacles (Vol. 82). Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Terry, J. P. (1986). Countering State-Sponsored Terrorism: A Law-Policy Analysis. Naval L. Rev., 36, 159.
Maogoto, J. N. (2003). War on the enemy: self-defense and state-sponsored terrorism. Melb. J. Int\\\\\\\\\\\\'l L., 4, 406.
Lillich, R. B., & Paxman, J. M. (1976). State Responsibility for Injuries to Aliens Occasioned by Terrorist Activities. Am. U.L. Rev., 26, 217.
Parker, C. & Noack, R. (2020, January 2). Iran has invested in allies and proxies across the Middle East. Here\\\\\\\\\\\\'s where they stand after Soleimani\\\\\\\\\\\\'s death. Washington Post. Retrieved from https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/2020/01/03/iran-has-invested-allies-proxies-across-middle-east-heres-where-they-stand-after-soleimanis-death/
… as well when it comes to defeating the idea of terrorism (Bipartisan Policy Center, 2017). Even though ISIS has been reduced in the middle east, particularly in Syria, the ideology promoted by ISIS and other jihadists is still spreading around the world. It is important to note, however, … to be faulty and Iraq has been destabilized and is on the verge of joining Libya as a failed state. Much of the middle east has suffered destruction and war, from Syria to Yemen to Africa, as a result (either directly or indirectly) of the War on Terror. … break out in cities as people begin to go hungry, and the U.S. could end up becoming destabilized just like countries in the middle east.
Another terrorist threat is the drug trafficking that has led to hundreds of thousands of deaths in the U.S. The current trafficking of … such as……
Bipartisan Policy Center. (2017). Defeating terrorists, not terrorism. Retrieved from https://bipartisanpolicy.org/report/counterterrorism-policy-from-911-to-isis/
Englehardt, T. (2018). America’s war on terror. Retrieved from https://www.thenation.com/article/americas-war-on-terror-has-cost-taxpayers-5-6-trillion/
Freeman, M. (2018). ISIS Is a US-Israeli Creation. Top Ten “Indications.” Retrieved from https://www.globalresearch.ca/isis-is-a-us-israeli-creation-top-ten-indications/5518627
Malzahn, S. M. (2002). State Sponsorship and Support of International Terrorism: Customary Norms of State Responsibility. Hastings Int'l & Comp. L. Rev., 26, 83.
Nordland, R. & Mashal, M. (2019). U.S. and Taliban Edge Toward Deal to End America’s Longest War. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2019/01/26/world/asia/afghanistan-taliban-peace-deal.html
White House. (2003). National strategy for combating terrorism. Retrieved from https://georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov/news/releases/2003/02/20030214-7.html
… proliferation can effectively be treated (Asada, 2008). The problem of enforcement is exacerbated by the destabilization of nations and regions, such as the middle east, where Libya has become a failed state and the threat of the spread of WMDs is made worse because of the instability there … economic stimulus for the country. By playing by the rules of the West regarding non-proliferation, Libya became more intimately tied to the West—at east for a time. Revolution still followed, and the overthrow of Gaddafi in Libya under the Obama Administration, after which Hillary Clinton callously quipped, … (CBS, 2011), showed to what extent Western powers were willing to go not only to alienate a nation that is allies in the middle east still saw as a threat but also to what extent they were willing to go to remove people from power whose leaders had … strategies instead and……
Asada, M. (2008). Security Council Resolution 1540 to combat WMD terrorism: effectiveness and legitimacy in international legislation. Journal of Conflict & Security Law, 13(3), 303-332.
Carter, A. B. (2004). Overhauling counterproliferation. Technology in Society 26(2-3), 257-269.
CBS. (2011). Clinton on Qaddafi: We came, we saw, he died. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mlz3-OzcExI
The Commission to Assess the Organization of the Federal Government to Combat the Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction. (1999). Combating Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction. Washington, D.C.
Forest, J.J.F. (2012, Winter). Framework for Analyzing the Future Threat of WMD Terrorism. Journal of Strategic Security 5, 4. Retrieved from http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1193&context=jss
Hochman, D. (2006). Rehabilitating a rogue: Libya's WMD reversal and lessons for US policy. Parameters, 36(1), 63.
Lang, C. G. (1937). Archbishop's Appeal: Individual Will and Action; Guarding Personality. London Times, 28.
Stone, O., & Kuznick, P. (2013). The untold history of the United States. Simon and Schuster.
… heroin trade around the world that decimated communities, including American ones back home (Felbab-Brown, 2017); the rise of the Islamic State throughout the middle east (Barton, 2016); two trillion dollars in costs in addition to the loss of 2,400 US soldiers and the deaths of nearly 40,000 Afghani … trade soars and the Taliban becomes more entrenched in the halls of local government. Had the US been trying to fail in the middle east it could not have done a better job. And perhaps that is exactly what it has been doing. In the light of the … the light of the ongoing feud with China, the derailment of the One Belt One Road initiative, the destabilization of nations in the middle east, the ongoing expansion of Israel, the ratcheting up of tensions with Iran, the isolation of Venezuela, and the alienation of China from the ……
Almukhtar, S. & Nordland, R. (2019). What Did the U.S. Get for $2 Trillion in Afghanistan? Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2019/12/09/world/middleeast/afghanistan-war-cost.html
Barno, D. (2007). The Other War: Counterinsurgency Strategy in Afghanistan 2003– 20. Military Review, 87(5), 32–44.
Barton, G. (2016). Out of the ashes of Afghanistan and Iraq: the rise and rise of Islamic State. Retrieved from https://theconversation.com/out-of-the-ashes-of-afghanistan-and-iraq-the-rise-and-rise-of-islamic-state-55437
Felbab-Brown, V. (2017). Afghanistan’s opium production is through the roof—why Washington shouldn’t overreact. Retrieved from https://www.brookings.edu/blog/order-from-chaos/2017/11/21/afghanistans-opium-production-is-through-the-roof-why-washington-shouldnt-overreact/
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Hitz, F. P. (1999). Obscuring Propriety: The CIA and Drugs. International Journal of Intelligence and CounterIntelligence, 12(4), 448-462.
IrishTimes. (2001). Britain freezes £61m of suspected Taliban assets. Retrieved from https://www.irishtimes.com/news/britain-freezes-61m-of-suspected-taliban-assets-1.398565
Kiras, J. D. (2002). Terrorism and Irregular Warfare, in John Baylis, James Wirtz, Eliot Cohen and Colin Gray eds., Strategy in the Contemporary World (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002), 208–232.
… embassy in Tehran, its secret service operatives, and its diplomats. Kermit Roosevelt, President Theodore's grandson, who was the Chief of CIA for the middle east region, was made the field commander and coup director. The primary planner of the coup would be Dr. R.N Wilber, who worked with … planner of the coup would be Dr. R.N Wilber, who worked with the secret service and had the experience of traveling across the middle east disguised in various ways. Others were Loy Henderson and Richard Cottam, a CIA agent and the U.S Ambassador to Iran, respectively. The CIA … and Britain blatantly ignored international law and pursued a hidden change of regime, and set the stage for a portent adversary in the middle east. However, the originally perceived enemy was not Iran. The shocks are still evident. Britain accused Iran of going against the legal rights of ……
Contini, C. (2013). A Realistic View on Iran: International relations and Global Politics. GRIN Verlag.
De Seve, M. (2020). Operation Ajax: The Story of the CIA Coup that Remade the Middle East. Verso Books.
Fowler, R. (2018). More Than a Doctrine: The Eisenhower Era in the Middle East. U of Nebraska Press.
Lee, C. T. (2013). A Cold War Narrative: The Covert Coup of Mohammad Mossadeq, Role of the U.S. Press and Its Haunting Legacies. Senior Theses, Trinity College, Hartford, CT. http://digitalrepository.trincoll.edu/theses/300
Levin, Y. A. (2018). Operation Ajax in the CIA analytics: colonial knowledge in postcolonial age. Samara Journal of Science, 7(2), 200-203.
Luce, D. D. (2017, September 20). The specter of operation AJAX. The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2003/aug/20/foreignpolicy.iran
Merica, D., & Hanna, J. (2013). In declassified document, CIA acknowledges role in\\\\\\'53 Iran Coup. CNN News. Retrieved June 15, 2020.
Roosevelt, K. (1979). Countercoup, the Struggle for the Control of Iran. McGraw-Hill Companies.
...Middle east Right and Left Wing Terror Groups in America
Extremism in the U.S. is on the rise, based on the rise in polarization throughout the country as the Left and the Right become more and more opposed to one another ideologically, politically, socially, and emotionally. There is a strong rift between the two and little sense of common ground. Much of this rise has come on the heels of the rise in social media use, which allows individuals to promote their views to the rest of the world in a way that was literally unheard of prior to the digital revolution (Freberg, Graham, McGaughey & Freberg, 2011). As social media use has essentially risen exponentially since its inception in the 2000s, the level of ideologically-driven Influencers in the space is a reflection and facilitator of the level of extremism in the United States.
As both the popularity of groups like……
Barnett, B. A. (2015). 20 Years Later: A Look Back at the Unabomber Manifesto. Perspectives on Terrorism, 9(6), 60-71.
Beinart, P. (2017). The rise of the violent left. Retrieved from https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2017/09/the-rise-of-the-violent-left/534192/
Chatfield, A. T., Reddick, C. G., & Brajawidagda, U. (2015, May). Tweeting propaganda, radicalization and recruitment: Islamic state supporters multi-sided twitter networks. In Proceedings of the 16th Annual International Conference on Digital Government Research (pp. 239-249).
Costello, M., & Hawdon, J. (2018). Who are the online extremists among us? Sociodemographic characteristics, social networking, and online experiences of those who produce online hate materials. Violence and gender, 5(1), 55-60.
DeCook, J. R. (2018). Memes and symbolic violence:# proudboys and the use of memes for propaganda and the construction of collective identity. Learning, Media and Technology, 43(4), 485-504.
Freberg, K., Graham, K., McGaughey, K., & Freberg, L. A. (2011). Who are the social media influencers? A study of public perceptions of personality. Public Relations Review, 37(1), 90-92.
Hamm, M &Spaaj, R. (2015). Lone wolf terrorism in America: Using knowledge of radicalization pathways to forge prevention strategies. U.S. Department of Justice. Retrieved from https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/248691.pdf
Klein, A. (2019). From Twitter to Charlottesville: Analyzing the Fighting Words Between the Alt-Right and Antifa. International Journal of Communication, 13, 22.
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