Medicine Essays (Examples)

Study Document

Traditional Medicine Usage In African Nations

Pages: 12 (3615 words) Sources: 30 Document Type:Essay Document #:38085332

...Medicine Overview of Africa’s Post-Conflict History
Historical Formal Institutions
Colonial legacies persist in Africa in spite of a post-colonial era (Austin, 2010). These legacies have continued in post-conflict Africa’s history. In Africa, there has been no real unifying factor bringing individuals together, primarily because of the communal aspect of society throughout the continent. Community exists and can be found everywhere in Africa. Structural, dramaturgic and institutional factors in formal institutionalization in Africa of health care has come about as a result of investment, development, and political stability (Ratcliffe, 2013). The relationship among cultural traditions, laws of society, and the symbolic boundaries have served to create the structural meanings behind formal institutions; the expressive dimension, communicative properties and interaction of these elements have made up the dramaturgic, and the actors and organizations themselves have manifested the institutional. An example of this can be seen in Nigeria.
Structurally, dramaturgically and institutionally, Africa has……



Afro-centric Alliance, A. (2001). Indigenisingorganizational change: Localisation in Tanzania and Malawi. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 16(1), 59-78.

Asiseh, F., Owusu, A., & Quaicoe, O. (2017). An analysis of family dynamics on high school adolescent risky behaviors in Ghana. Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse, 26(5), 425-431.

Austin, G. (2010). African economic development and colonial legacies (Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 11-32). Institut de hautes études internationales et du développement.

Brager, G., Specht, H., Torczyner, J. L., &Torczyner, J. (1987). Community organizing. Columbia University Press.

Bratton, M., & Van de Walle, N. (1997). Democratic experiments in Africa: Regime transitions in comparative perspective. Cambridge university press.

Burnham, G. M., Pariyo, G., Galiwango, E., & Wabwire-Mangen, F. (2004). Discontinuation of cost sharing in Uganda. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 82, 187-195.

Dillard, C., Duncan, K. L., & Johnson, L. (2017). Black History Full Circle: Lessons from a Ghana Study Abroad in Education Program. Social Education, 81(1), 50-53.

Ehui, S. (2020). Protecting food security in Africa. Retrieved from

Study Document

Ankle Pain Diagnosis Management

Pages: 1 (335 words) Sources: 2 Document Type:Essay Document #:78325302

… Ankle sprains and pain are common occurrences in athletes to an extent that they continue to be the subject of interest in sports medicine (McGovern & Martin, 2016). As evident in Candace’s situation, ankle sprains and injuries are common among individuals who are physically active. Therefore, early … 276, 655-656.
McGovern, R.P. & Martin, R.L. (2016, March 2). Managing Ankle Ligament Sprains and Tears: Current Opinion. Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine, 7, 33-42.…



Braund, R. (2006, June 3). Should NSAIDs Be Routinely Use in the Treatment of Sprains and Strains? The Pharmaceutical Journal, 276, 655-656.

McGovern, R.P. & Martin, R.L. (2016, March 2). Managing Ankle Ligament Sprains and Tears: Current Opinion. Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine, 7, 33-42.

Study Document

Cyanotic Congenital Heart Disease CCHD Disease Diagnosis

Pages: 1 (385 words) Sources: 2 Document Type:Essay Document #:17103381

… said medications would also help in the elimination of excess body fluids.
Fleisher, G.R. & Ludwig, S. (2010). Textbook of Pediatric Emergency Medicine. New York, NY: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Zabala, L.M. & Guzzetta, N.A. (2015). Cyanotic Congenital Heart Disease (CCHD): Focus on Hypoxemia, Secondary Erythrocytosis, ……



Fleisher, G.R. & Ludwig, S. (2010). Textbook of Pediatric Emergency Medicine. New York, NY: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Zabala, L.M. & Guzzetta, N.A. (2015). Cyanotic Congenital Heart Disease (CCHD): Focus on Hypoxemia, Secondary Erythrocytosis, and Coagulation Alterations. Pediatric Anesthesia, 25(10), 981-989.

Study Document

Medicare Access And CHIP Reauthorization Act

Pages: 4 (1285 words) Sources: 3 Document Type:Essay Document #:23116886

… keep from having to come back for more treatment—rather than just treatment after treatment, keeping patients coming back through the revolving door of medicine without every actually helping them. The type of quality care required by MACRA is preventive medicine and health literacy promotion. As Licthenfeld (2011) pointed out, too many doctors are diagnosing patients with health problems that are insignificant and do ……



Glasziou, P., Moynihan, R., Richards, T., & Godlee, F. (2013). Too much medicine; too little care. BMJ, 347, f4247.

Lichtenfeld, L. (2011). Overdiagnosed: Making people sick in the pursuit of health. The Journal of Clinical Investigation, 121(8), 2954-2954.

Moynihan, R. (2015). Preventing overdiagnosis: the myth, the music, and the medical meeting. BMJ: British Medical Journal (Online), 350.

Welch, H., Schwartz, L. & Woloshin, S. (2011). Overdiagnosed. Beacon Hill.

Study Document

Cystic Fibrosis

Pages: 5 (1365 words) Sources: 3 Document Type:Essay Document #:37364675

… deferens. This paper is a detailed presentation on CF and covers diagnosis, treatment, the point at which lung transplant is needed, and how medicine has changed over the years to adapt to children. [1: Cystic fibrosis. U.S. National Library of Medicine, U.S. gov. Published January 21, 2020. Accessed January 24, 2020]
Because CF is a genetic disorder, diagnosis can and should be … done once the baby is born.
CF is a genetic disorder, therefore, there is not any known cure yet, however, there are medicines and other therapeutic procedures that are used to manage the symptoms.
The main health problem associated with CF is the thick and sticky mucus and thus, the first line of action for doctors is … health problem associated with CF is the thick and sticky mucus and thus, the first line of action for doctors is to provide medicine……



Cystic fibrosis. U.S. National Library of Medicine, U.S. gov. . Published January 21, 2020. Accessed January 24, 2020

Cystic Fibrosis, WebMD. , December 12, 2019. Accessed January 24, 2020.

Lung Transplant, Mayo Clinic. , July 11, 2019. Accessed January 24, 2020.

Livingston Jr. FR, Cystic Fibrosis. KidsHealth.  April, 2014. Accessed January 24, 2020. 

Study Document

Genetic Testing

Pages: 2 (641 words) Sources: 4 Document Type:Essay Document #:95049341

… tests help to predict an individual’s vulnerability to certain diseases and are used for the establishment of suitable preventive measures or for preventive medicine (Glick, 2016). Despite their role in preventive medicine, genetic testing has been characterized by issues of reliability and validity. These issues have raised controversies, especially with the advent of commercially available, … to determine their clinical validity and utility.
Position Statement
Despite issues surrounding its use, I believe that genetic testing is beneficial in clinical medicine. This technology still remains beneficial for preventive medicine and would help address some of the major health issues facing individuals and populations. Therefore, the use of this biotechnology in clinical medicine should increase while measures to enhance its clinical validity and utility established. Researchers and other professionals in genetics and medicine should work collaboratively to create systems and processes for improving the reliability and validity……



Bertolotti, M. (2015, October). Opportunities, Risks, and Limitations of Genetic Testing: Looking to the Future from Patients’ Point of View. Mayo Clinic Proceedings, 90(10), 1311-1313.

DeFilippis, E.M., Rehm, H., Cirino, A.L. & Lakdawala, N.K. (2018, September). The Lifespan of Genetic Testing. The American Journal of Medicine, 131(9), 991-992.

Glick, M. (2016, March). Genetic Testing. The Journal of the American Dental Association, 147(3), 157-159.

Zimmern, R.L. & Kroese, M. (2007, September). The Evaluation of Genetic Tests. Journal of Public Health, 29(3), 246-250.

Study Document

Veterans Back Pain Exercise And Therapy

Pages: 10 (3010 words) Sources: 6 Document Type:policy evaluation Document #:22049018

...Medicine PICOT Question
Low back pain is a common health challenge for both active and former military service members. Among the military veterans, low back pain places higher risk and has been indicated to be bear the potential for long-term disability (Bagg et al., 2017). There is a lack of effective treatment strategies, and thus, military veterans rely on pain management strategies and other medical strategies, e.g., medical imaging, opioids, injections, and surgery. To both the Department of Defense (DoD) and the Department of Veteran Affairs (VA), the costs of care for members with low back pain have been on the rise; necessitating the need for research on the effectiveness of some of the available methods for treating and managing low back pain. Some of the methods available are non-narcotic pain medication, yoga stretches, and physiotherapy. These interventions can be administered in combination or singly (Bagg et al., 2017). This……



Bagg, M. K., Hübscher, M., Rabey, M., Wand, B. M., O’Hagan, E., Moseley, G. L., ... & O’Connell, N. E. (2017). The RESOLVE Trial for people with chronic low back pain: protocol for a randomized clinical trial. Journal of physiotherapy, 63(1), 47-48.

Chou, R., Deyo, R., Friedly, J., Skelly, A., Hashimoto, R., Weimer, M., ... & Grusing, S. (2017). Nonpharmacologic therapies for low back pain: a systematic review for an American College of Physicians clinical practice guideline. Annals of internal medicine, 166(7), 493-505.

Dehghan, M., & FarahbOD, F. (2014). The efficacy of thermotherapy and cryotherapy on pain relief in patients with acute low back pain, a clinical trial study. Journal of clinical and diagnostic research: JCDR, 8(9), LC01.

Denneson, L. M., Corson, K., & Dobscha, S. K. (2011). Complementary and alternative medicine use among veterans with chronic noncancer pain—Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development, 48(9).

Guzmán, J., Esmail, R., Karjalainen, K., Malmivaara, A., Irvin, E., & Bombardier, C. (2001). Multidisciplinary rehabilitation for chronic low back pain: systematic review. BMJ, 322(7301), 1511-1516.

Hayden, J. A., Van Tulder, M. W., & Tomlinson, G. (2005). Systematic review: strategies for using exercise therapy to improve outcomes in chronic low back pain. Annals of internal medicine, 142(9), 776-785.

Kim, E. J., Choi, Y. D., Lim, C. Y., Kim, K. H., & Lee, S. D. (2015). Effect of heating and cooling combination therapy on patients with chronic low back pain: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials, 16(1), 285.

Nitsure, P. V., Pathania, T. S., & Bilgi, T. A. (2014). Comparison of elastic resistance band exercises and yoga in physiotherapy students with chronic non-specific low back pain: a randomized clinical trial. Journal of Yoga & Physical Therapy, 5, 180.

Study Document

Henrietta Lacks And The Social Covenant Of Nursing

Pages: 6 (1650 words) Sources: 18 Document Type:Essay Document #:48566821

… and investigations. In the tenth month of 1951, Mrs. Lacks died. She died never knowing the significant role she played in advancing human medicine.
does “Social Contract” Mean?
A social contract with regards to the nursing profession specifies how nurses and the society relate. It also ……



American Nurses Association. (2010). Nursing\\'s social policy statement: The essence of the profession. Nursesbooks. org.

Cruess, R. L., & Cruess, S. R. (2008). Expectations and obligations: professionalism and medicine\\'s social contract with society. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine, 51(4), 579-598.

Fowler, M. D. M. (2015). Guide to nursing\\'s social policy statement: Understanding the profession from social contract to social covenant. Silver Spring, MD: American Nurses Association.

Palmd, (2010). More on Lacks ethics. Science blogs. Retrieved from 

Quinlan, C. (2018). Trust in Medical Research: The Legacy of Henrietta Lacks, Part 1. Science 36 Trial Mix. Retrived from 

Reeves, S., van Soeren, M., MacMillan, K., & Zwarenstein, M. (2013). Medicine and nursing: A social contract to improve collaboration and patient-centred care. Journal of interprofessional care, 27(6), 441-442.

Skloot, R. (2010). The immortal life of Henrietta Lacks. Broadway Books.

Stump, J. L. (2014). Henrietta Lacks and The HeLa Cell: Rights of Patients and Responsibilities of Medical Researchers. The History Teacher, 48(1), 127-180.

Study Document

Legal And Ethical Issues In Healthcare

Pages: 9 (2618 words) Sources: 6 Document Type:Essay Document #:17702391

… practice. Of the various aspects of the human body and life, none is as important as health. Technological advancements in the practice of medicine and healthcare, in general, emerge with their sets of moral dilemmas. Many of such issues arise from developments in genetic knowledge and reproductive … with professional, ethical codes of conduct. There are many reasons why there is a growing concern over ethical issues in the practice of medicine and healthcare in general. Such issues as accessibility, quality, the safety of patients, acquisitions and mergers, value-based care, affordability, and financial constraints all … to think of feigning the continued pain experience during the after-surgery visits. He assumes this to obtain a fresh prescription of the same medicine, and abet the addiction to opioid of a friend; then the patient would be trying to view the surgeon only as a means ……



Chen, Y. Y., Chu, T. S., Kao, Y. H., Tsai, P. R., Huang, T. S., &Ko, W. J. (2014). To evaluate the effectiveness of health care ethics consultation based on the goals of health care ethics consultation: a prospective cohort study with randomization. BMC medical ethics, 15(1), 1.

Morrison, E. E. (2011). Ethics in health administration: a practical approach for decision-makers. Jones & Bartlett Publishers.

Nora, C. R. D., Deodato, S., Vieira, M. M. D. S., &Zoboli, E. L. C. P. (2016). Elements and strategies for ethical decision-making in nursing. Texto&Contexto-Enfermagem, 25(2).

Reddy, M. S., &Mythri, S. V. (2016). Health-care Ethics and the Free Market Value System. Indian journal of psychological medicine, 38(5), 371–375. 

Taylor, S. C. (2015). Health Care Ethics. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved from 

Yip, C., Han, N. R., &Sng, B. L. (2016). Legal and ethical issues in research. Indian Journal of anesthesia, 60(9), 684–688. 

Webster, G., Bayliss, F., Rubin, S., &Zoloth, L. (2000). Moral Residue. Margin of Error: The Ethics of Mistakes in the Practice of Medicine. Hagerstown, MD: University Publishing Group.

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