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Strategies and Models for Reducing Juvenile Gangs in the Society Chapter

Pages:8 (2619 words)



Topic:Youth Gangs

Document Type:Chapter


Career Development Program Juveniles in Gangs

The intervention plan provides various professional and organizational insights on the program and facilitation service. The program recognizes the relevance of initiating capacity, professionalism and skills of the persons involved while contributing towards the achievement of the strategic priorities and goals. The programs provide consultative information and services for the units of planning, team development and implementation of change processes (Bradshaw, et al., 2013). The system coordinates training in the correctional units. The medium-term goals of the project include providing advice and support for the application and development of staff and organizational development initiatives. The suite of program components will build on professional capabilities, leadership and management skills, organizational knowledge and team performance and development.

Literature Review

Various authors have literature on correctional systems. The practical approaches in gang situations include the need to address service delivery problems. The programs involve different stakeholders and groups that handle facets of such local gang problems while focusing on intervention, prevention, and suppression. The collaborative approaches have inherent barriers that affect the success of the elements. The systems also include the definition of gang problems, successful formation collaborations, discernment of ends and means and the determination of impact. The diversity of groups and their activities influence the focus on communities with trouble definitions and recognition of gang problems. The inability to define gang problems come from the absence of both national and local consensus along the fundamental groups and harm inflicted. The models describe gang-related problems within the harmful incidents occurring in communities. There are similarities in the ways that cause more concern to members of the public (The EMT Group. (n.d.).

The agencies or groups work to address gang issues and facilitate coordination. The organizations or groups handling gang problems undertake respective roles while advancing on the essentials of their actions and coordination of management groups as comprised of representatives and participating agencies. Management groups guide such agencies in immediate functions and responsibilities for accuracy in responding to various gang issues. The concept upon which community will address gang problems is different regarding events drawing public attention to gang menace issues. In other cases, high-profile and often tragic events occur through galvanization of communities and stimulation of mobilized gang activities. The groundswell of public support in dealing with the gang issues builds gradually. The lack of individuals and agencies serving as catalysts inhibits the processes (Anonymous, 2004).

Key organizations and community leaders, start inducing open discussions and addressing gang issues. The standing task forces, committees, and organizational structures refer to the steering committees through a convened state of working steps. The groups oversee the assessments of local gang problems using data acquired through evaluation and development of sustainable strategies. Suppression activities in corrective actions include a direction to have increased police patrols, community awareness, community policing, support for the law enforcement intelligence sharing. The policy fosters the establishment of multiagency law requirements coupled with prosecution responses targeting gang leaders. This increases the scope of school resource officers within target areas. The expansion of neighborhoods enables teams to partner with Police Departments and other community members. The programs should support police department in the review of crime data and other evaluation concepts (Vigil, 2003).

Theoretical Foundation

The program's application approach refers to the social disorganization theory. The theory considers all aspects of gang involvement as alternative avenues for the youth lacking other social connectedness to have community and personal institutions. The absence of such connectedness originates from various population movements including diverse waves of immigration, rapid political, social, or economic changes, war or revolution, racism, and unstable political regimes. Other variables in the theory include rapid urbanization or industrialization, radical labor market shifts, community fragmentation, family or social disorganization, or failure of socialization agents to meet the changing population's needs (Lonnie, 1999).

Social disorganization theory stresses that the process of gang formation is typical and rational responses should be fronted to address abnormal social situations. Social disorganization theory insists that bands originate from the effort of youths seeking to create societies for themselves. The groupings cater to their needs where other forums failed to exist. The serration of gangs in obtaining life satisfaction and rewards within the schools, families, and communities failed to avail. The prominent social disorganization theories use official topographic maps and police statistics in explaining the gang formation and delinquency occurring in areas of city centers. The area has varied states of social flux with a show of individuals living in the area. Crime rates remain constant in the course of time while illustrating the need of social disorganization in the community and personal characteristics determined for the various criminal activity (Holder, Jr., Robinson, & Slowikowski, 2010).


The program design will take a participatory approach information and implementation. The complexities relating to drugs, violence, and gangs require the understanding of groups and respective problems involved in the dealings of concentrated problems. The knowledge also affects the manner in which the target audience responds to gang problems. The rationale discusses the concepts of gangs, gang barriers, and problems to addressing gang problems. The information will form the foundation for comprehensive process models presented within other aspects of performance. The interrelated issues of drugs, violence, and gangs will be addressed in various ways. Despite recent research suggesting about relationships of crime, gangs, and drugs, various types of gangs are inconclusive (Vigil, 2003).

Target Audience and Setting

This comprehensive program strategy aims at defining the analysis of various local gang problems coupled with the selection of useful intervention components of systematic processes. This consists of different sets of analytical steps. The application of such approaches results in functional and responsive interventions. The composition of the comprehensive local strategies will be a source of determination of police, prosecutorial, counseling, and educational components. The program differs from other community interventions based on the existing types of gangs encountered within the variable harmful behaviors (Lonnie, 1999).

Program Description

The program aims at confronting gang problems through recognition of the recurring features of disorder and crime within various neighborhoods. The program components will concentrate on the characteristics with relevant implications to deal with gang problems. Therefore, neighborhood gang problems will share different features and other unpredictable ways against a comprehensible reason. The overall effect of the prevention program includes reducing rates of gang problems within specific areas. It is critical to determining the program milestones within the neighborhood as indicators of actions necessary in the reduction of available offenders and victims. The separation of potential victims and offenders will address various social problems faced by gangs. This is important in featuring the substantial impacts and selection of smaller gang problems. The system also yields disproportionate benefits. The neighborhoods are different in terms of implementation of prevention strategies that vary across communities. Community problem solvers in the program will study the physical and social conditions prior development and implementation of strategies (Spergel et al., 1994).

Activities and Assessments

The program activities will involve the input of various agencies or group works relating to gang issues and absence of coordination efforts. Lack of collaboration will occur through the differentiation of units that are fundamentally related to existing gang problems. The fragmentation results from turf divisions and other bureaucratic divisions in terms of labor or resource services. The essential components of successful approaches to groups include multiagency cooperation. The agencies and groups undertake the respective roles within effort of important actions as coordinated by management groups comprising of representatives and other participating agencies (Holder, Jr., Robinson, & Slowikowski, 2010). Management groups are involved in guiding companies in respective roles and responsibilities that respond to variable gang issues. Management groups should have the political authority of coordinating efforts that dominate processes. The evaluation exercise has a shared role in sustaining pairs of performance as matched with other gang active members. The concept matches the random assignments to the experimental elements developed in the system analysis. Gang membership can be assessed annually for purposes of determining the effectiveness of such programs. The outcomes demonstrate that more innovative concepts have a likelihood of joining gangs as compared to youths. However, such differences have marginal significance. The form of intervention, in this case, is promising and sustains items of evaluation in the manner for which it is conducted.

Goals and Desired Outcomes

The program aims at achieving many goals. First, the program efforts aim at having practitioners have the regular dealership with sustained gang problems such as prosecutors, police officers, community organizers, social workers, and educators. The aspects, in this case, provide detailed guidance on policy while matters of credibility of reports are answered on systematic evaluations documentation. The effectiveness of such practices diversifies along the uncertainties and confusion between means and ends (Reno et al., 1999).

On the other hand, the system goals will address the failures of agencies through proper documentation affecting their actions. The program will have impact measures that relate to elimination or alleviation of the harm caused by such gangs. The facilitation…

Sample Source(s) Used


Anonymous, (2004). Gangs and Delinquency in Developmental Perspective. Adolescence, vol. 39, (153): 187

Bradshaw, C. P. et al., (2013). Bullies, Gangs, Drugs, and School: Understanding the Overlap and the Role of Ethnicity and Urbanicity. J Youth Adolescence. Vol. 42:220-234

Holder, Jr., E. H., Robinson, L. O. & Slowikowski, J. (2010). Best Practices to Address community Gang Problems: OJJDP's Comprehensive Gang Model. National Gang Center

Koffman, S., et al., (2009). The impact of a Comprehensive Whole Child Intervention and Prevention Program among Youths at Risk of Gang Involvement and Other Forms of Delinquency. Children & Schools, vol. 31(4):239-244

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